Resources

Acquired Brain Injury: location of the injury and the impact on functioning

29 May 2019

What is an acquired brain injury (ABI)?

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is any damage to the brain that happens after birth. The specific symptoms or losses of functioning depend on which brain areas are affected.

Common causes of an acquired brain injury

  • Toxic exposure – alcohol or drugs which can poison the brain
  • Disease – such as AIDS, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease
  • Lack of oxygen – called anoxic brain injury (cardiac arrest, carbon monoxide poisoning, airway obstruction, hemorrhage, and drowning)
  • Physical head injury – such as an impact (or blow) to the head, which may occur in vehicle or sporting accidents, fights or falls
  • Stroke (vascular obstruction) – when a blood vessel inside the brain breaks or is blocked, destroying the local brain tissue
  • aneurysm
  • Non-unions: failure of fractures to heal
  • Mal-unions: fractures healing in a wrong position
  • Intracranial surgery
  • Infectious diseases
  • Seizure disorders
  • Spinal deformities

Losses of function in relation to the area of the brain affected

The below diagram shows some of the behaviours and abilities that can be affected as a result of an acquired brain injury.

Related Content
  • Brain Injury Journey (read article)
  • Working with Headway - the Brain Injury Charity (read article)
  • What are the Common Causes of Brain Injury? (read article)
  • Identifying brain injury - Subtle clues for your GP to look out for (read article)
  • Motorcyclist sustained serious multiple injuries and brain injury (read article)
  • Get Diagnosed – Get the right help from the right people (read article)
  • Man suffers Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) following motorcycle accident (read article)
  • Timescales for Rehabilitation after Brain Injury (read article)
  • How do I get help after suffering an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)? (read article)
  • Effects of brain injury on the family and the stress and strains it causes (read article)
  • Living with someone who has a brain injury (read article)
  • The effects of living with an Acquired Brain Injury (read article)
  • Woman who suffered a major trauma with brain injury after being hit by a car undergoes rehabilitation (read article)
  • Integrating back into work after an Acquired Brain Injury (read article)
  • Man involved in car accident has sustained complex muscular skeletal injuries and brain injury (read article)
  • Developments in Brain Injury Rehabilitation (read article)
  • Brain Injury - Overview (read article)

For further advice on the above topics, please call us on 01483 464222 or alternatively email enquiries@barlowrobbins.com